Computer hardware manufacturers compete to rapidly reduce the prices of components while increasing performance by storing more and more data. The main aim for any hardware manufacturer is to deliver cheaper and better parts quicker than any of their competitors. Parts that are able to store large amounts of data do not come cheap though.
Cutting costs while improving performance in systems
Organizations invest lots of money in R&D to develop systems that are able to manage multiple tasks because of higher RAM capacities and more spacious hard drives at the lowest possible costs. One way to decrease costs is to work on economies of scale. Hardware components need not be unique. Processors and microchips are generally the same in shape and size. This makes it possible to manufacture millions of pieces.
The more the number of pieces, the lower is the cost per piece. The issue arises when manufacturers have to change the physical design of parts. Hardware related to the body of laptops and computers must be changed as per design specifications made by companies, so it is not possible to produce a large number of pieces to cut down on rates. In this case, producers have to cut down on material costs.
Changes in sizes of devices
Due to the size of the business, manufacturers are able to buy raw materials in bulk. This helps keep the rates minimal. Though the trend has been the same for the past many years, it looks like preferences in sizes are changing. Earlier, companies would compete to produce the sleekest and smallest designs possible. Now with the introduction of tablets, tabletop PCs and large mobile phones, it seems that manufacturers do not want to continue downsizing their products.
However, it is generally the size of the screen alone that is increasing today. The norm still remains where devices are meant to be very thin. Also, manufacturers are trying to keep the hardware as light as possible. People today prefer to carry their devices with them so that they can work on-the-go. Carrying a heavy product can be inconvenient. Computer rentals allow you to get a feel of products before making purchases.
The future of hardware
In the era of supercomputers and light-speed (literally) information processing systems becoming available, the future of hardware is on shaky grounds. It is difficult to determine what the next trend is going to be. Though performance is one important factor, customers may want changes in design.